The origins of International Women’s Day come from the labor movement in North America and Europe. The first National Women’s Day celebrations were held on 28 February 1909 in the United States. They were initiated by the Socialist Party of America, held to commemorate the year before the New York garment workers strike against poor working conditions. Women on strike at the factory had been closed by the owner. The fire which broke out in the building killed 126 women.
In 1910, the Socialist International in Copenhagen, established around the world celebrated Women’s Day, which had used the idea of ‚Äč‚Äčpromoting women’s rights and to build public support for universal suffrage for women. The conference was attended by over 100 participants from 17 countries, including three women were first elected to the Finnish Parliament. Establishment of Women’s Day was adopted by an anonymous vote, without setting a precise date for the event.
Signed¬†in 1945,¬†the United Nations Charter¬†was the¬†first international¬†document proving the¬†principle of equality between¬†women and men.¬†In¬†sixty years¬†the United Nations¬†participated in the¬†development of international¬†policies, standards, programs and¬†objectives¬†to promote¬†raising¬†the status of women.
The United Nations and¬†its specialized agencies¬†promote the¬†equal participation¬†of women¬†in achieving¬†sustainable development, peace, security and¬†full respect forhuman rights.¬†The issue of¬†empowerment of women¬†is in the center¬†of the UN¬†in the fields of¬†socio -¬†economic – political¬†in the world.
The year 1975¬†was proclaimed¬†by the UN¬†International Year¬†of Women.¬†Two yearslater, the¬†UN General Assembly adopted¬†a resolution¬†whereby the¬†Day¬†Women’s Rights¬†and International Peace¬†could be¬†celebrated on¬†any given¬†day¬†by the Member States, in accordance¬†with the tradition¬†of the country.¬†By adopting¬†the resolution, the General Assembly¬†recognized the¬†important role¬†of women¬†in social developmentand¬†peace processes.¬†Also called for¬†an end to discrimination¬†and¬†give more¬†support to women¬†so that they can¬†fully¬†and equally¬†participate in¬†social and political life